A household appliance is a mechanical or electrical device , which is usually in the private household is used. This includes for example kitchen utensils or vacuum cleaner . In retail the kitchen appliances- will range as white goods designated. These include large appliances such as washing machines or dishwashers and small electrical appliances.
Toaster in retro look
The appliances include:
- Laundry Care Appliances: Washer , Dryer , deficiency , iron
- Kitchen appliances: Equipment for
- Cooking and baking: stove , oven , microwave oven , oven with grill , pressure cooker , cooking machine (historical 19th century) – also for wood or coal-fired or gas-fired appliances
- Rinse: Dishwasher
- Cooling and freezing: refrigerator , freezer , refrigerator-freezer combination, also
- Mechanical systems: manual can opener , Flotte Lotte , Minna (food processor) , table or floor cleaners, kitchen scale
- simple kitchen utensils such as cutlery , pots and kitchen textiles.
- Room Air Conditioners: fan , fan heaters , humidifiers , air conditioning
- Cleaning Equipment: vacuum cleaner, floor polisher , wet-dry vacuum cleaner
- Lighting equipment: floor lamp, desk lamp
- Personal care appliances: hair dryers , curling irons
- Heat generator: heating pad , heater , tanning
- DIY machines: best spin bike sewing machine , cordless drill
- Meters: bathroom scales , digital thermometer
Historical development of electric household appliances
The development of the use today Appliances is closely related to the structure of the supply of electricity along. The first the turn of the 19th to 20th Century built hydropower stations with their current networks , however, were only sufficient for the operation of arc and incandescent bulbs . The payable electricity price was significantly and exceeded per kilowatt hour considerably the hourly wage of a skilled worker .
Only after the First World War , the situation changed with the construction of the first large steam power plants . Parallel that was high-voltage grid expanded, with the converted heat energy over long distance could be transferred. At home this development meant the mass use of the electric iron, the first electrical domestic appliance in addition to the electric sewing machine. Its successful launch in the 19th century led the industrialization a private household.
About 15 years later under the Nazis using the radios propagated, with the so-called People’s recipient to gain the former rulers an exceptionally popular tool for spreading their propaganda . The tried already at this time introduction of the electric refrigerator on the other hand fails to acquisition costs for this device.
After the Second World War , the monetary reform and the economic miracle are power plants and power grids become more powerful with falling electricity prices. At the same time urging other household electrical appliances on the market . The electric cooker , the electric washing machine, which dishwasher , vacuum cleaner, television, and many other devices of entertainment electronics establish themselves in the household sector.Ten years later, there is the electric coffee maker and fridge added, after another 15 years of the microwave oven. All these devices were invented partly decades prior to their broad market introduction; their market success at the time the invention was repeatedly prevented by the lack of access to inexpensive electricity.
Nowadays the trend continues towards “networked home appliances”, usually over Powerline solutions. So developed Siemens serve @ Home, Miele there Miele @ home products and place in Switzerland to PULL Home of the V-ZUG AG . The goal is always to increase the added value, the device shall operate and opportunities new (remote) to create.
Energy efficiency of large equipment
When electrical household appliances is now increasingly on the energy efficiency taken to reduce the associated environmental impacts, as well as costs. As an auxiliary tool for consumers have in Germany since 1998, certain electric household appliances with an energy label – also EU Energy Label will be awarded – called.
The EU energy label rates the energy and water consumption in relation to the functioning of the equipment with a grading of A (efficient) to G (wasteful). Are on the market today (2012) for the most part only Class A devices available, so that the grading criteria of the EU label are technically outdated. Only for refrigerators and freezers correspond introduced in 2004, classes A +, A ++ and A +++ to the current state of the art. Since July 2012 only refrigerators with the minimum energy efficiency class A + are sold. Allowed in the EU  A contemporary review can be found in the regularly updated list of more economical household appliances , the z. B. by energy consultants and municipalities is offered. The German Corporate Energy Efficiency Initiative (DENEFF), the Association for the Environment and Nature Conservation (BUND) and the Federal Association of Renewable Energies (BEE) sat down in a joint statement for a scrapping premium for home appliances, which consume a lot of power.
To learn more about household and home appliances, check out Appliance Authority